How does nicotine affect blood sugar?
Nicotine can raise or lower your blood sugar level. This chemical changes the way your body uses glucose, the sugar in your blood that fuels your cells.
It will increase your chances of developing type 2 diabetes and make your diabetes worse. On the other hand, nicotine may cause severe hypoglycemia (hypoglycemia) in people with diabetes and insulin.
Nicotine will change the chemical process in the cell, so that the cell does not respond to insulin, so as to let insulin enter the cell. This situation is called insulin resistance.
Your cells need insulin so they can extract glucose from your blood and use it for energy. When they can’t, glucose stays in your blood and your blood sugar level rises.
Nicotine also causes the body to produce more triglycerides, a fat associated with insulin resistance. Nicotine increases the level of anti insulin hormones.
What will happen to your body
Smoking soon affects the ability of cells to use insulin. You may show signs of insulin resistance in an hour. Studies show that people with diabetes and smoking need a larger dose of insulin to control blood sugar.
This is a problem because when your blood sugar is too high in a few years, it may lead to heart disease and damage your kidneys, nerves and eyes.
Sources of nicotine
Smoking is the most common way to get nicotine. The more smoking, the greater the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. Smokers have a 30% to 40% chance. Smoking more than 20 cigarettes a day almost doubles your chances.
Other ways to get nicotine can also raise your blood sugar:
Passive smoking or second-hand smoke (inhalation of other people’s cigarettes)
Chewing tobacco (dip, pinch, chew)
Electronic cigarette (electronic cigarette, exhaust)
Quitting smoking helps
If you gain weight in the first few weeks after you stop using nicotine, your insulin resistance may get worse, but stick to it. By the end of the second month, insulin will begin to play a better role.
If you don’t have diabetes, you may be more likely to get type 2 diabetes after smoking cessation. In the first two years, the chance to get it was the highest. This is usually because you have gained weight, so talk to your doctor about ways to avoid weight gain.
Two years later, the opportunity begins to decline. In 12 years, you will compete with a person who never smokes in a fair environment.