According to a report in the New York Times, the U.S. Food and drug administration may give full approval to Pfizer’s coronavirus vaccine as early as Monday. It is reported that regulators are trying to complete paperwork and negotiations with the company on Friday. Pfizer’s two doses of vaccine are currently being vaccinated in the United States under the emergency use authorization issued by FDA in December. Pfizer and its partner biontech sought full approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in May. Full approval will allow Pfizer to skip the procurement process and sell its vaccine directly to consumers, and may make it easier for government agencies and schools to obtain and vaccinate the public. According to the Centers for Disease Control and prevention, the United States has received more than 203 million doses of Pfizer vaccine. Last week, the FDA and CDC signed a purchase agreement for the third dose of Pfizer and Moderna vaccine for some people with low immunity. On Wednesday, Biden Administration health officials said that fully immunized adults who have received Pfizer or Moderna vaccines will be eligible for intensive injections starting next month. According to the New York Times, the FDA’s approval of Pfizer’s vaccine may be issued next Monday, which is expected to be much earlier than the agency’s expected completion date. The food and Drug Administration declined to comment on the news. Moderna is also seeking FDA approval for its covid-19 vaccine, but it is said that the approval decision may need to wait a few more weeks.
Emergency department 2019 coronavirus disease vaccine has been approved to prevent covid-19 aged 12 and over. Nevertheless, it is still important to do your best to protect your children and other family members from disease. Here are some ways to reduce their risk:
Wear cloth masks in public places. People may spread coronavirus even if there are no symptoms or before symptoms begin. In order to slow down the spread of coronavirus disease in 2019, CDC said that people over 2 years old should wear a cloth mask in public places such as shops or pharmacies, especially in the case of covid-19. Fit is very important, so make or buy masks suitable for small faces. Try on masks at home to give children time to get used to them. If children help make or decorate masks, they may prefer to wear masks. Make sure your child does not touch the mask when wearing it. Take it out carefully and wash it after each use.
Wash hands frequently. All children should wash their hands after going to the toilet; After sneezing, coughing or blowing your nose; Before they eat; As soon as they entered the house. Soap and water are the best. Make sure they apply soap on the back of their hands, between their fingers and under their nails for at least 20 seconds (the same time as singing “Happy Birthday” twice). If soap and water are not available, use hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol.
Stay at home and don’t play in person. At present, it is important to limit close contact with others in order to reduce the spread of disease. Try to stay at home and avoid public places such as shopping malls and cinemas. No games, appointments or overnight. Your child may not seem ill, but they may still carry the virus and may transmit the virus to others.
Keep your child away from other sick people. If your child has cold like symptoms, leave them at home. Teach them to use paper towels when coughing and sneezing, throw them away after each use, or use arms or elbows instead of hands.
Clean your home regularly. Disinfect high contact surfaces such as toilets, sinks, door handles, light switches, handles, smartphones, tablets and TV remote controls every day. You can use most ordinary household cleaners, or you can mix a third cup of bleach with a gallon of water to make your own cleaner. If your child has a favorite stuffed toy or plush product, please wash it at the highest temperature often.
Be careful if you are ill. A new mother who tests for 2019 coronavirus disease or thinks she can take it may stay away from her baby temporarily to reduce the chance of transmitting the virus. Discuss the pros and cons with your healthcare team. If you go this way and still want to breastfeed, you can pump breast milk and let a healthy caregiver feed your child. If you may be ill but don’t want to be separated from your baby, take additional measures to avoid the spread of the virus. Wash your hands often and wear a mask 6 feet or closer to you, including when breastfeeding.
1、 Children don’t grow tall. Is it helpful to eat calcium? 99% of calcium in the human body exists in bones and teeth, which is an essential nutrient for the growth of bones and teeth. However, children are not tall, not necessarily lack of calcium. Genetics, sleep status, amount of exercise, mood and stress may all affect them. Calcium is a problem that many parents will pay attention to, but how to judge children’s calcium deficiency? Many people may go to the hospital for blood test, but this method is not accurate, because 99% of calcium is stored in bones, and only bone mineral density is accurate. However, parents can judge by the child’s rib bones. If they touch the last rib under the child with their hands, it is a manifestation of calcium deficiency. The calcium phosphorus ratio in the human body is relatively stable. If there is too much calcium, the attraction of phosphorus will be weakened. Insufficient phosphorus will affect intellectual development, and the excess calcium will be deposited on the bones, affecting the baby’s height. 2、 Does eating fish oil really make children smarter? The main components of fish oil are EPA and DHA polyunsaturated fatty acids, which exist in salmon, COD, sardine, saury and other deep-sea fishes. Tang Fujun, a professor in the Department of family studies at Taiwan Normal University, pointed out that fish oil does help maintain the healthy development of brain nerves, but relevant studies have found that 70% of brain nerves have developed in fetuses and infants. Fortunately, recent studies have proved that brain cells have the function of regeneration, and fish oil can still play its role. 3、 The child is very partial to food. Will you supplement him with vitamins? Children’s partial eclipse is very common. Although vitamin supplementation can solve the problem of nutritional supplement for children for a time, it can not be taken all the time, because vitamin B and C are water-soluble. Excess is easy to excrete with urine, which is relatively safe, but it will also cause kidney burden or cause stones. Vitamins A, D, e and K are fat soluble. Taking too much will accumulate in the body and not be easy to excrete, resulting in poisoning. 4、 “Bovine colostrum” and “protein powder” are more nutritious than breast milk? Bovine colostrum is extracted from the milk secreted by dairy cows within 7 days after calving. It contains various nutrients and immune substances required for calf development. It is a good nutrient and immune food for cattle. However, it is only meaningful for the same species. People and cattle belong to the same species, and they face different diseases. People do not necessarily suffer from diseases suffered by cattle, except diseases shared by people and cattle. In addition, immune active substances lose their original living environment through the process of processing. Is there still “activity”? At present, scientists have only studied how many immune substances are contained in bovine colostrum. Are these immune substances to improve people’s active immunity or passive immunity? What is the effect of specific application to infants? Are there any disadvantages? What is the immune response? These have not yet reached an accurate conclusion, not to mention how there are so many colostrums?! Compared with normal milk, the content of prolactin in bovine colostrum is about 4 times higher, the content of growth hormone is about 10 times higher, and the content of gonadotropin is about 1 time higher. Children should not eat more. For infants, it is also wrong to choose extra protein powder to eat in order to promote their growth and development. The reason why scientists want to transform milk is to reduce the high protein in milk (twice that in breast milk), mainly because the child’s kidney is not well developed. Too high protein will seriously damage the child’s urinary system, especially increase the renal load. Therefore, China stipulates that the protein content in every 100g of infant formula milk powder is 11 ~ 20g. If parents give their children extra protein, isn’t it the opposite? 5、 Are the health products “suitable for all ages” on the market beneficial to the baby? Nowadays, there are many kinds of children’s nutrition products on the market, and some are under the banner of “suitable for all ages”. In fact, the composition of some children’s nutrition products is not very clear. Although some contain only trace hormones, if they are taken for a long time, they may accumulate in the body and cause children’s “precocious puberty”. For children with normal growth and development, parents do not have to let their children eat nutritional and health products. Even those children with weak physique, lagging development and need supplements should be carried out under the guidance of doctors. They must not blindly listen to advertising.